Nazism 1919-1945 Volume 4
The German Home Front in World War II: A Documentary Reader
Edited by Jeremy Noakes
Volume 4 of this acclaimed series of documents with commentary is the most substantial study of the German home front in World War II available in English. It illuminates the nature of Nazism and the regime it established by documenting politics and life in wartime Germany: government and party, law and terror, welfare and social planning, sex and population policy, women, youth, propoganda, morale and resistance.
Chapter Outline, vi; Preface, ix; Acknowledgements, x; Abbreviations, xi; 40 Government, 1; 41 The Nazi Party, 54; 42 Law and Terror, 121; 43 The Economy, 185; 44 Welfare and Social Planning, 264; 45 Women, 302; 46 Sex and Population Policy, 367; 47 Youth, 396; 48 Propaganda, 465; 49 Morale, 509; 50 Resistance, 581; 51 Defeat, 637; Selective Bibliography, 675; Index, 679. Chapter 40: Government; (i) Introduction; (ii) Preparations for War; (iii) The Ministerial Council for the Defence of the Reich; (iv) Hitler's Rule; (v) The Rise of Bormann; (vi) The Fragmentation of Government; (vii) The Committee of Three; (viii) The Reich Chancellery and the Party Chancellery 1943-1945; (ix) Goebbels as Reich Plenipotentiary for Total War; Chapter 41: The Nazi Party; (i) Introduction; (ii) The Mobilization Orders; (iii) Gauleiters as Reich Defence Commissioners (RVKs) 1939-1942; (iv) The Assertion of the Party Chancellery's Control over the Party Apparatus; (v) The Gauleiters as Reich Defence Commissioners (RVKs) 1942-1945; (vi) Party and State; (vii) Party Activities; (viii) The Party's Response to the Crisis of 1943: An Attempt to Revive the Atmosphere of the Kampfzeit; (ix) Party Ceremonies; (x) The Attitude of the Population to the Nazi Party; Chapter 42: Law and Terror; (i) Introduction; (ii) New Penal Legislation; (iii) Crime Statistics; (iv) Intervention by Hitler and the SS/Police in the Legal Process; (v) The 'Guidance' of the Judiciary; (vi) Concentration Camps; Chapter 43: The Economy; (i) Introduction; (ii) The Attempt at a Full-Scale Mobilization of the Economy for War 1939-1940; (iii) The Period of Incoherent Planning: June 1940-November 1941; (iv) The Todt-Speer Rationalization Programme 1941-1942; (v) Labour Mobilization 1939-1944; (vi) Economic Collapse; Chapter 44: Welfare and Social Planning; (i) Introduction; (ii) The NSV; (iii) Social Planning; Chapter 45: Women; (i) Introduction; (ii) The Nazi Female Organizations; (iii) Female Labour; (iv) Welfare at Work; (v) Gender Issues; (vi) Evacuation; Chapter 46: Sex and Population Policy; (i) Introduction; (ii) Population Policy; (iii) Female Sexual Behaviour; (iv) Homosexuality; Chapter 47: Youth; (i) Introduction; (ii) The Hitler Youth (HJ) and League of German Girls (BdM); (iii) The Military Involvement of Young People; (iv) Education; (v) The Children's Evacuation Programme (KLV); (vi) Morale and Morals; Chapter 48: Propaganda; (i) Introduction; (ii) The War in Poland and the West 1939-1940; (iii) The War in the East and the Campaign against Bolshevism. (iv) 'Total War'; (v) The Anti-Jewish Campaign; (vi) Air Raids; (vii) Retaliation; (viii) Radio and Film; Chapter 49: Morale; (i) Introduction; (ii) The Rationing System, Shortages and their Impact on Morale; (iii) The Period of Victories 1939-1941; (iv) The Crisis of Winter 1941-1942; (v) The Response to Ideological Indoctrination; (vi) The Crisis Winter of 1942-1943; (vii) Air Raids, the Government's Response and the Impact on Morale; (viii) Various Forms of Demoralization; (ix) The Last Phase 1944-1945; Chapter 50: Resistance; (i) Introduction; (ii) The Communist Resistance; (iii) The Innere Front Group, the Red Orchestra and the Herbert Baum Group; (iv) The Resistance by Individuals; (v) The Conservative and Military Resistance; (vi) The Kreisau Circle; (vii) The Plot of 20 July 1944; Chapter 51: Defeat; (i) Introduction; (ii) The Increased Role of the Party; (iii) The Development of Morale: September 1944-March 1945; (iv) The Regime's Response to Declining Morale; (v) Hitler's 'Destruction Order' of 19 March 1945; (vi) The Allied Invasions-West and East; (vii) The Last Throes of the Nazi Leadership.
‘. . . a triumphant finale to a remarkable publishing enterprise which began life almost a quarter of a century ago . . . [and] required reading for anyone in the Anglophone world with an academic interest in Nazism. The immense value of the current, and final, volume in the series lies not so much in the continuing tradition of clearly written text and imaginatively chosen documents, though these virtues survive, as in the fact that much of the history of the home front is still relatively virgin territory. The documentary thread running through the text has to tell a story which cannot easily be discovered from any other source. . . None of the entries is superfluous; each tells a part of the wider story, which is unobtrusively woven around the documents by a deft editorial hand. This is no ordinary document collection.’ (Times Literary Supplement, December 11 1998)
Jeremy Noakes is Professor of History at Exeter University.