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Inca Rituals and Sacred Mountains
A Study of the World's Highest Archaeological Sites

By Maria Constanza Ceruti and Johan Reinhard

Inca Rituals and Sacred Mountains
Hardback, 280 pages £19.00
Published: 2010
ISBN: 9781931745765
Format: 278mm x 215mm
Buy this Book

Paperback, 280 pages £11.50
Published: 2010
ISBN: 9781931745772
Format: 278mm x 215mm
Buy this Book

Subjects: Archaeology
Series: Monographs

The Incas carried out some of the most dramatic ceremonies known to us from ancient times. Groups of people walked hundreds of miles across arid and mountainous terrain to perform them on mountains over 6,096 m (20,000 feet) high. The most important offerings made during these pilgrimages involved human sacrifices (capacochas). Although Spanish chroniclers wrote about these offerings and the state sponsored processions of which they were a part, their accounts were based on second-hand sources, and the only direct evidence we have of the capacocha sacrifices comes to us from archaeological excavations. Some of the most thoroughly documented of these were undertaken on high mountain summits, where the material evidence has been exceptionally well preserved. In this study we describe the results of research undertaken on Mount Llullaillaco (6,739 m/22,109 feet), which has the world's highest archaeological site. The types of ruins and artifact assemblages recovered are described and analyzed. By comparing the archaeological evidence with the chroniclers' accounts and with findings from other mountaintop sites, common patterns are demonstrated; while at the same time previously little known elements contribute to our understanding of key aspects of Inca religion. This study illustrates the importance of archaeological sites being placed within the broader context of physical and sacred features of the natural landscape.

Johan Reinhard is an Explorer-in-Residence at the National Geographic Society. Maria Constanza Ceruti is Professor of Inca Archaeology and director of the Institute of High Mountain Research at the Catholic University of Salta.

Publication Details:

 Hardback , 280 pages
 278mm x 215mm

 Paperback , 280 pages
 278mm x 215mm

BIC Code:
  HIS038000, SOC003000
 Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press


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