The Wide Lens in Archaeology
Honoring Brian Hesse's Contributions to Anthropological Archaeology
Edited by Justin Lev-Tov, Paula Wapnish and Allan Gilbert
This book is a Gedenkschrift in memory of Brian Hesse, a scholar of archaeology, a writer of alliterative and punned publication titles, and an accomplished amateur photographer.
Hesse specialized in zooarchaeology, but he influenced a wider range of excavators and ancient historians with his broad interpretive reach. He spent much of his career analysing faunal materials from different countries in the Middle East--including Iran, Yemen, and Israel, and his publications covered themes particular to animal bone studies, such as domestication, ancient market economics, as well as broader themes such as determining ethnicity in archaeology.
The essays in this volume reflect the breadth of his interests. Most chapters share an Old World geographic setting, focusing either on Europe or the Middle East. The topics are diverse, with the majority discussing animal bones, as was Hesse's specialization, but some take a non-faunal perspective related to the problems with which Hesse grappled. The volume is also broad in temporal scope, ranging from Neolithic Iran to early Medieval England, and it addresses theoretical matters as well as methodological innovations including taphonomy and the history of computers in zooarchaeology. Several of the essays are direct revisits to, inspirations from, or extensions of Hesse's own research.
All the contributions reflect his intense interest in social questions about antiquity; the theme of social archaeology informed much of Brian Hesse's thinking, and it is why his work made such an impact on those working outside his own disciplinary research.
Introduction: Bones as Building Blocks for Brian Hesse’s Social Archaeology
Brian Hesse 1944–2011: Curriculum vitae
Part 1: Contexts, Collections, and the Archaeo(zoo)logical Record
Jeffrey A. Blakely and Inbar Ktalev - Identifying and Understanding Residuality in Tell el-Hesi’s
Archaeological Record: The Malacological Evidence
Thomas H. McGovern, George Hambrecht, Seth Brewington, Frank Feeley, Ramona Harrison, Megan Hicks, Konrad Smiarowski, and James Woollett - Too Many Bones: Data Management and the NABONE Experience
Haskel J. Greenfield and Angela Beattie - A Practical Macroscopic Approach for Distinguishing Burned and Boiled Bones in Zooarchaeological Assemblages
Part 2: Peoples, Pigs, and Pots in Palestine
Liora Kolska Horwitz, Armelle Gardeisen, Aren Maeir, and Louise A. Hithcock - A Contribution to the Iron Age Philistine Pig Debate
Edward F. Maher - Flair of the Dog: The Philistine Consumption of Canines
Yosef Garfinkel - The Ethnic Identification of Khirbet Qeiyafa: Why It Matters
Avraham Faust - An All-Israelite Identity: Historical Reality or Biblical Myth?
Part 3: Ritual Real Estate
Jonathan S. Greer - “Cursed Be the Cheat Who Offers a Blemished Animal!” A Broken Tibia from a Sacrificial Deposit at Tel Dan and Its Implications for Understanding Israelite Religious Practice
Justin Lev-Tov - Can Bones Differentiate Royal Roast from Sacrificial Slaughter?
The Case of Hazor’s Late Bronze Age Monumental Building
Deirdre N. Fulton, Paula Hesse, and Brian Hesse - Considering Carcasses: Sheep and Goat Sacrifice at Carthage, Tunisia, and Al Qisha, Yemen
Part 4: Buried Beasts
Lidar Sapir-Hen, Yuval Gadot, and Oded Lipschits - Ceremonial Donkey Burial, Social Status, and Settlement Hierarchy in the Early Bronze III: The Case of Tel Azekah
Liora Kolska Horwitz, Daniel M. Master, and Hadas Motro - A Middle Bronze Age Equid from Ashkelon: A Case of Ritual Interment or Refuse Disposal?
Liora Kolska Horwitz, Samuel R. Wolff, and Steven Ortiz - The Context and Biometry of Iron Age II and Hellenistic Period Dog “Burials” from Tel Gezer Compared to Those from Other Sites in the Region
Part 5: Organization and Orientation of Animal Economies
Aharon Sasson - Cattle Husbandry and the Survival Subsistence Strategy: A Zooarchaeological Perspective
Pam Crabtree and Douglas V. Campana - Where Are Our Goats? The Role of Goats in Anglo-Saxon England
Bill Grantham, Daniel Lowrey, Hillary Boyd, and Samantha Earnest - Gallus Gallus during the Roman and Byzantine Periods in Israel
Part 6: Animal Use at Three Sites through the Ages
David R. Lipovitch - A Preliminary Analysis on the Iron Age III Faunal Remains Tell Ta?yinat, Turkey (Ancient Kunulua)
Tina Greenfield, Chris McKinny, and Itzhaq Shai - “I Can Count All My Bones”: A Preliminary Report of the Late Bronze Faunal Remains from Area B1 at Tel Burna, Israel
Justin Lev-Tov, Sarah W. Kansa, Levent Atici, and Jane C. Wheeler - New Light on Faunal Remains from Chogha Mish, Iran
Justin Lev-Tov was assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Alabama Birmingham until 2005. He continues to conduct and publish zooarchaeological research as a part of various excavation projects in Israel and Jordan.
Paula Wapnish Hesse was staff zooarchaeologist for the Leon Levy Expedition to Ashkelon (Israel) from 1985 until the conclusion of excavations. She continues to research and publish on many of Ashkelon's unique features, such as the dog burials and the worked bone and ivory industries.
Allan S. Gilbert is Professor of Anthropology at Fordham University in the Bronx, New York. After early research in the zooarchaeology of the Near East, Gilbert has been engaged in geoarchaeology and the historical archaeology of New York City.
New Titles List
- The Archaeology of Mesoamerican Animals
- La Arqueología de los Animales de Mesoamérica
- The Wide Lens in Archaeology - Honoring Brian Hesse's Contributions to Anthropological Archaeology