The History of Phoenicia
The Phoenicians have no published work telling their long, turbulent and sometimes mythical history. Josette Elayi, a French academic specialising in Phoenicia, covers its rich history from origins to the conquest by Alexander the Great which ended its independence. First published in French. The Phoenicians, that people of celebrated navigators who invented the alphabet, the names of whose famous cities (Tyre, Sidon, Biblos) are so familiar to us, have no published work telling their long, turbulent and sometimes mythical history. Josette Elayi, a French academic specialising in Phoenicia, gives us a narrative covering the rich history of this country from its origins to the conquest by Alexander the Great which ended forever its independence. First published in French (Paris, 2013)
What a paradox it is for this ingenious people, who invented the alphabet, to have left so few written traces of their existence; their literature, recorded on papyrus, has disappeared. And yet this civilization fired the imagination of its contemporaries--the Jews in particular--inspiring terror among the Romans and Greeks, who depicted them as a cruel people who practiced human sacrifice. They traded with the Egyptian pharaohs and with the Assyrians, their ships criss-crossed the Mediterranean, laden with gold, silver, wine and wheat. Buried beneath the modern cities of Lebanon, Syria and Israel, Josette Elayi has rediscovered ancient Phoenicia.
Josette Elayi is a historian and researcher; a graduate of Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic and Akkadian, she taught at the Universities of Beirut and Baghdad before pursuing her research at the Collège de France (CNRS) in Paris.She has developed a new pluridisciplinary historical method combining epigraphy, numismatics, archaeology, economics and sociology.In 2007, she was made a Chevalière de la Légion d'honneur for her work on Phoenicia.