Arabic Grammar and Law in Early Islamic Thought
Sibawayhi, a non-Arab, was the first to write on Arabic grammar and the first to explain Arabic grammar from a non-Arab perspective. Both Sibawayhi and his teacher al-Farahidi made the earliest and most significant formal recording of the Arabic language.
This book argues that the science of Arabic grammar owes its origins to a set of methods developed independently to form the Islamic legal system, not to Greek or other foreign influence. These methods and criteria were adapted to create a grammatical system brought to perfection by Sibawayhi in the late second/eighth century. It describes the evolution of the new science of grammar, and makes detailed comparisons between the technical terms of law and grammar to show how the vocabulary of the law was applied to the speech of the Arabs. It also sheds light on Sibawayhi's method in producing his magisterial Kitb.
This is a corrected version, with considerable Addenda, of Michael G. Carter’s 1968 Oxford doctoral thesis, Sibawayhi's Principles of Grammatical Analysis.
Series Editors' Preface
Preface to This Edition
The Background of the Kitab
The State of Kitab Criticism
Grammar and Law
‘Grammar’ and ‘nahw’
The Principles and Criteria of the Kitab
Index of Arabic Terms and Proper Names
Index of Qur'anic Citations
Index of Poetic Citations
Michael C. Carter is Hon. Prof. at Sydney University. He has held positions at Duke University, New York University, and Oslo University. His publications include Arab Linguistics: An Introductory Classical Text with Translation and Notes (Benjamins, 1981); Sibawayhi (OUP/Tauris, 2004), and Modern Written Arabic: A Comprehensive Grammar, with Elsaid Badawi and Adrian Gully (Routledge, 2003, rev. ed. 2015).
New Titles List
Michael C. Carter
Resources in Arabic and Islamic Studies
- Al-Ma'mun, the Inquisition and the Quest for Caliphal Authority
- The Economy of Certainty - An Introduction to the Typology of Islamic Legal Theory
- Hadith, Piety, and Law - Selected Studies
- A Reader of Classical Arabic Literature
- Selected Studies in Modern Arabic Narrative - History, Genre, Translation
- Sibawayhi's Principles - Arabic Grammar and Law in Early Islamic Thought
- Social Life under the Abbasids - Resources in Arabic and Islamic Studies 6
- Studies in Medieval Islamic Intellectual Traditions