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BIC Excellence Award

Archaeology of Difference
Gender, Ethnicity, Class and the Other in Antiquity - Studies in Honor of Eric M. Meyers, AASOR 60-61

Edited by Douglas R. Edwards and C. Thomas McCollough

Archaeology of Difference
Hardback, 480 pages £102.00
Published: 2005
ISBN: 9780897570701
Format: 280mm x 215mm
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Subjects: American Schools of Oriental Research, Ancient Near East, Archaeology
Series: Annual of ASOR

What distinguishes an individual or a group in ancient society? How do issues of gender, ethnicity, social stratification and the view of the 'other' impact individuals, groups, and societal attitudes?

Foucault in his classic work, The Archaeology of Knowledge, observes that layers of information embedded in language and society often elucidate the unspoken assumptions that individuals, groups or societies hold most dear. What is perceived to distinguish one group can carry such symbolic power that whole societies structure their laws, gender roles, ethnic identities, and views toward the "other" in the light of perceived differences. The ancient world was dominated by such differences. Clothing, hair, costume, housing, gender, religion, set apart one from the other.

Ascertaining the rules governing difference in antiquity is challenging. Such rules were generally assumed, not clearly delineated. To determine "the archaeology of difference" the studies in this volume draw on textual and material culture. How does archaeological data illuminate gender or ethnicity or interactions and views of the "other"? What in the archaeological evidence elucidates the attitude toward women's role in society or Jewish perspectives on the Gentiles or attitudes toward the dead? What in texts illuminates the "other" especially as it relates to the writer's or narrator's perception?

List of Figures

List of Tables

Setting the Stage

1. The Archaeology of Difference: Setting the Stage C., Thomas McCollough and Douglas R. Edwards

2. Jewish and Muslim Heritage in Europe: The Role of Archaeology in Defending Cultural Diversity, Neil Silberman

Section I Neolithic Through Persian Periods

3. The Emergence of Social Complexity in the Neolithic of the Near East, Ofer Bar-Yosef

4. Gender and Social Hierarchy in the Chalcolithic Period in the Light of the Peqi’in Cave, Israel Zvi Gal, Howard Smithline and Dina Shalem

5. Ethnicity and the Archaeological Record: The Case of Early Israel, William G. Dever

6. From Field Crops to Food: Attributing Gender and Meaning to Bread Production in Iron Age Israel, Carol Meyers

7. Queen or Crone? Gendered Archaeology in an LB Tomb at Gezer, Joe D. Seger

8. No Stelae, No Queens: Two Issues Concerning the Kings of Israel and Judah, Gary A. Rendsburg

9. The Problem of the Other(ed) Woman in Nahum, Julia M. O’Brien

10. Linguistic Variation Emphasized, Linguistic Variation Denied, Raymond F. Person, Jr.

11. Representing the Cushite Other: The Use of Cushite Phenotypes in Numbers 12 and Jeremiah 13:23, Rodney S. Sadler Jr.

Section II Hellenistic Through Byzantine Periods

12. What Sort of Jews Were the Tobiads?, Adam Porter

13. The Relationship Between Galilean Archaeology and Historical Jesus Research, John Dominic Crossan

14. Zum Standort des Tempels, Volkmar Fritz

15. “When I Went to Rome…There I Saw the Menorah…” The Jerusalem Temple Implements During the Second Century c.e., Steven Fine

16. Miqw?’ot and Second Temple Sectarianism, Carol Selkin Wise

17. The Stepped Water Installations of the Sepphoris Acropolis, Katharina Galor

18. Stepped Pools and the Non-Existent Monolithic “Miqveh”, Stuart S. Miller

19. Jewish Ossuaries of the Early Roman Period: Continuity and Change in Death Ritual, Byron R. McCane

20. Attitudes Toward the Dead: Protective Measures Employed Against the Desecration of Tombs, Coffins, and Ossuaries, Rachel Hachlili

21. Khirbet Qana’s Necropolis and Ethnic Questions, Peter Richardson

22. Monumental Changes: Architecture and Culture in Late Roman and Early Byzantine Sepphoris C., Thomas McCollough

23. The Butchers of Sepphoris: Archaeological Evidence of Ethnic Variability, Bill Grantham

24. Sepphoris and the Earliest Christian Congregations, James F. Strange

25. The Lives of Glass-Workers at Sepphoris, Alysia Fischer

26. Two Terracotta Figurine Fragments from the Sepphoris Acropolis, Melissa Aubin

27. The Archaeology of Bethsaida and the Historical Jesus Quest, Rami Arav

28. Caesarea Philippi (Paneas) in the Roman and Byzantine Periods, Vassilios Tzaferis

29. Rabbis, Romans, and Rabies: Religion, Disease, and the “Other” A Case Study, Barbara Geller

30. Celsus of Pergamum: Locating a Critic of Early Christianity, Stephen Goranson

31. Marketing Religious Difference in Late Antique Syria-Palestine: Clay Oil Lamps as Clientele Indicators, Eric C. Lapp

32. “Set the Showbread on the Table Before Me Always” (Exodus 25:30): Artistic Representations of the Showbread Table in Early Jewish and Christian Art, Zeev Weiss

33. Christians Among Jews in En-Gedi, Anna de Vincenz

34. Nomad Settlement in Palestine During the Late Byzantine–Early Moslem Period, Ze’ev Safrai and Ofer Sion


Douglas Edwards was a distinguished professor of Religion at the University of Puget Sound (UPS) in Washington State. Edwards had a PhD in New Testament and Christian Origins from Boston University.  His first venture in field archaeology occurred as an area supervisor at Sepphoris, Israel in 1986, where he worked another six years. He helped to excavate rooftiles with the stamp of the 6th legion Ferrata at Kefar Hananya and led his first excavation as co-director at Yodefat or Jotapata. An expert in GPS and GIS, Edwards's last work included a survey of sites in Lower Galilee.


Thomas McCollough is the Nelson D. and Mary McDowell Rodes Professor of Religion at Centre College in Danville, KY. McCollough has taught at the College since 1980 and has held the Rodes Professorship since 2002. In 2009, he received the Kirk Teaching Award. McCollough has particular expertise in the history of Christianity and Christian thought, biblical history and archaeology, and the contemporary Middle East.

Publication Details:

 Hardback , 480 pages
 280mm x 215mm

BIC Code:
  SOC002020, SOC003000
 American Schools of Oriental Research


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