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BIC Excellence Award

In Service of the Duke
The 15th Century Fighting Treatise of Paulus Kal

By Paulus Kal Translated by Christian Henry Tobler

In Service of the Duke
Hardback, 248 pages £81.50
Published: 2006
ISBN: 9781891448256
Format: 396mm x 335mm
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Subjects: Freelance Academy Press, History, Medieval Studies, Military History

Writing in the mid-15th century, Master Paulus Kal was the agent, confidante and fencing master to the powerful Duke of Ludwig IX of Bavaria-Landshut. In his fencing book, prepared for this ducal patron, he presented standard and variant techniques in the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer, in beautifully rendered and highly detailed illuminations of figures wielding the sword, sword and buckler, dagger, messer (falchion), spear and poleaxe, plus mounted combat.

This English translation is presented in full-colour, oversize leather edition, complete with a protective slipcase.

Publisher's Foreword

Author's Preface

About the Author


Dedication by Paulus Kal

Section I: Duel on Horseback & On Foot

Section II: Duel on Foot with Poleaxes

Section III: Duel with Clubs & Shields

Section IV: Duel Between a Man and a Woman

Section V: Sword & Buckler

Section VI: Longsword

Section VII: Messer

Section VIII: Dagger

Section IX: Wrestling

Technical Analysis / Commentary

Appendix A: Liechtenauer's Zettel

Appendix B: Brief Remarks on a Later Copy of Paulus Kal



Paulus Kal was a fifteenth-century German fencing master. His treatise is the first attempt to give pictorial representations of Liechtenauer's tradition of fencing.

Christian Henry Tobler has been a longtime student of swordsmanship, especially as it applies to the pursuit of the chivalric ideals. A passionate advocate f the medieval Liechtenauer School, his work in translating and interpreting Sigmund Ringbeck's commentary firmly established him as an important contributor to the growing community of Western martial arts.

Publication Details:

 Hardback , 248 pages
 396mm x 335mm

BIC Code:
  HIS027000, HIS037010
 Freelance Academy Press


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