The Archaeology of the Ostraca House at Israelite Samaria
Epigraphic Discoveries in Complicated Contexts - ASOR Annual 70
By Ron E. Tappy
Robert J. Bull began the excavation of a vault on the south side of the Inner Harbour of Caesarea Maritima, Israel. The vault was one of a row of warehouses built to store goods unloaded from the harbour built by Herod the Great.
Begins with an introduction to the excavation process; the study of the stratigraphy (analysis of the order and position of layers of archaeological remains) considers the later excavations of the adjoining vault, and includes new photographs, plans, and section drawings. The original construction phase, the vault's transformation into a Mithraeum (a sanctuary or temple of the god Mithras), abandonment, and final use as a "charnel house" are discussed in detail.
Also, includes detailed studies of the fragmentary wall paintings depicting Mithraic iconography, and of the medallion found inside the vault, in the context of the practices of Mithraism in the ancient world. The reconstruction of the ceiling splay and the interpretation in terms of astrological symbolism important to Mithraism are also detailed.
A second volume describing the structure of the vault and the material culture found is planned.
List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Chapter 1 - Introduction and Background
A. The Site: Physical Setting and Early History
B. The Backstory: Early Challenges for the Harvard Expedition
C. The Harvard Expedition: Excavation Strategy, Methods, and Ensuing Challenges
1. 1908 Fieldwork
2. 1909 Fieldwork
3. 1910 Fieldwork
Chapter 2 - Horizontal Axis: The Ostraca Building's Original Footprint and Surrounding Area
A. The Ostraca House
1. Wall A: Ahab's "Main Wall"
2. The Ostraca House: Entrance Halls, Storerooms, and Eastern Corridors (Long-Rooms)
4. Later Additions (?)
B. The Osorkon House
C. Problems North and East of the Ostraca and Osorkon Houses
Chapter 3 - Vertical Axis: The Ostraca Building's Complex Depositional History
A. Stratigraphic Analysis: Summary of Sections Published by the Harvard Expedition
B. Stratigraphic Analysis: Discussion of Sections Relevant to the Ostraca House
1. Principal Longitudinal Section CD
2. Principal Lateral Section GH
3. Subsidiary Lateral Section AB
Chapter 4 - Ceramic Considerations
A. The Harvard Excavations and the Joint Expedition: Collating the Data
B. Reisner's Presentation of Pottery: A Meager Repertoire
C. The 1910 Ostraca: Spatial Distribution
D. The 1910 Ostraca: Typological Notes
E. The 1910 Ostraca-related Pottery: Typological Notes
F. The 1910 Ostraca and Ostraca-related Pottery: Comparative Ceramic Analysis
1. Epigraphic Pottery
2. Bowl Types Representing Parallels for Ostraca Pottery Forms
3. Non-epigraphic Pottery from the Same Findspots as the Ostraca
4. Comments on Some Jar Types Associated with Ostraca Pottery Forms
Chapter 5 - The Samaria Ostraca and Modern Scholarship
Chapter 6 - Back to the Backstory: The Characters and Concerns behind the Harvard Expedition to Samaria
Appendix A - Ostraca: Provenance Data and Vessel Descriptions
Appendix B - Ostraca: Sequence of Discovery
Appendix C - Non-epigraphic Pottery with Provenance Data Matching those of the Ostraca
Appendix D - D. G. Lyon's Report to the President of Harvard University for the Academic Year 1898-1899, Showing the Financial Generosity of Jakob Heinrich Schiff
Appendix E - Reisner's Field Drawings of Selected Ostraca
Robert Jehu Bull was the emeritus director of the Drew University's Institute for Archaeological Research, later the Joint Expeditions to Caesarea Maritima, where he excavated from 1971 to 1996, exposing major parts of the city's street plan, warehouse complex, a residential quarter, and parts of the hippodrome. Before excavating at Caesarea, he excavated and led excavations at Shechem, Balatah, Ai, Pella, Tell er-Ras, and Khirbet Shema'.
Andrew H. Bobeck His book "Techniques for Improving Digital Photographs" by OutSkirts Press covers in depth the graphics technique he used to recover the faded colours of the Caesarea fresco.
Jane DeRose Evans is a Professor of Art History and is affiliated with the Department of Greek and Latin Classics at Temple University. She has excavated in Greece, Italy, England, Israel, and France. Currently, she is the specialist numismatist for the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis (Harvard and Cornell universities) and Bir Madkhour (George Washington University).
Robert S. Fritzius has published the Introduction and First Part of an English translation of Walter Ritz's "Recherches critiques sur l'Électrodynamique Générale", and served as staff artist for the excavations at Elusa, Israel. He is a member of the American Astronomical Society, the Committee on Space Research, and the Venus Exploration and Analysis Group.
Alexandra L. Ratzlaff is a Fellow at the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem and a University Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Maritime Civilizations at the University of Haifa. She recently completed a two-year Fulbright Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Haifa. Her research and publication projects focus on the Roman army, Roman and Byzantine ceramics, the Late Antique maritime economy and trade networks of the Mediterranean world.
New Titles List
Ron E. Tappy
Annual of ASOR
- The Archaeology of Agro-Pastoralist Economies in Jordan - ASOR Annual 69
- Archaeology of Difference - Gender, Ethnicity, Class and the Other in Antiquity - Studies in Honor of Eric M. Meyers, AASOR 60-61
- The Archaeology of the Ostraca House at Israelite Samaria - Epigraphic Discoveries in Complicated Contexts - ASOR Annual 70
- ASOR Annual 59 - Pt. 1, Results of the 2001 Kerak Plateau Early Bronze Age Survey : Pt. 2, Two Early Alphabetic Inscriptions from the Wadi El- Hol
- Bayt Farhi and the Sephardic Palaces of Ottoman Damascus in the Late 18th and 19th Centuries
- Crossroads and Boundaries - The Archaeology of Past and Present in the Malloura Valley, Cyprus, AASOR 65
- Excavations at Tel Jezreel
- Kataret es-Samra, Jordan
- The Middle Bronze Age IIA Cemetery at Gesher - Final Report, AASOR 62
- The Nabataean Temple at Khirbet et-Tannur, Jordan, Volume 1 - Architecture and Religion. Final Report on Nelson Glueck’s 1937 Excavation, AASOR 67
- The Nabataean Temple at Khirbet et-Tannur, Jordan, Volume 2 - Cultic Offerings, Vessels, and other Specialist Reports. Final Report on Nelson Glueck’s 1937 Excavation, AASOR 68
- The Near East in the South West - Essays in Honor of William G. Dever, AASOR 58
- The Photographs of the American Palestine Exploration Society - AASOR 66
- Preliminary Excavation Reports and Other Archaeological Investigations - Tell Qarqur, Iron I Sites in the North Central Highlands of Palestine, AASOR 56
- Reflections of Empire - Archaeological and Ethnographic Perspectives on the Pottery of the Ottoman Levant and Beyond, AASOR 64
- Views from Phlamoudhi, Cyprus - AASOR 63