The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago was
founded in 1919 by James Henry Breasted with the
financial support of John D. Rockefeller Jr., and was
originally envisaged as a research laboratory for the
investigation of the early human career that would
trace humankind’s progress from the most ancient days of the Middle East. The goal of the Oriental Institute is to be the world’s leading centre for the study of ancient Near Eastern civilizations by combining innovation in theory, methodology, and significant empirical discovery with the highest standards of rigorous scholarship.
Breasted encouraged the publication of both scientific and popular reports on the results of the Institute’s research and activities in the Near East. Ancient language dictionaries, text editions, archaeological reports, and related Near Eastern studies are well represented in the more than 700 published reports since the early twentieth century, with many more in preparation.