Sibawayhi, a non-Arab, was the first to write on Arabic grammar and the first to explain Arabic grammar from a non-Arab perspective. Both Sibawayhi and his teacher al-Farahidi made the earliest and most significant formal recording of the Arabic language.
This book remains an invaluable resource for the study of the material culture of Abbasid life in the ninth and tenth centuries. Material is arranged thematically - costume, food, housing, hunting, indoor and outdoor games, and festivities and festivals.
This text traces the social and political development of Syria and Lebanon from the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire to the present day. Written by a number of specialists and scholars, it offers a comparative study by means of concentration on major turning-points in the modern history of both countries.