University of Exeter Press

Sacrament an Alter/The Sacrament of the Altar

A critical edition with translation

    • 336 Pages

    ‘Sacrament an Alter’ (The Sacrament of the Altar) is a Cornish patristic catena selected and translated from Foxe’s Book of Martyrs, which is attached to the translation of Bishop Bonner’s Homilies in the Tregear Manuscript (BL Add. MS 46397). No complete critical edition of the Tregear Homilies has been published since the manuscript’s discovery, yet it is the longest surviving example of Cornish prose. The so-called thirteenth homily, ‘Sacrament an Alter’ is a work in its own right, of a later period than the other twelve homilies, and represents a distinctive form of Cornish.

    In addition to establishing authorship, date, sources and historical context of this important text, the present book offers a complete and accurate transcription of the manuscript, along with an edited version thereof, a translation and all the relevant source passages—largely taken from the account of the 1555 Oxford Disputations given in John Foxe’s ‘Acts and Monuments’. A full commentary then explores hermeneutical, theological and dialectic issues arising from the text. Extensive notes concentrate on interesting features of the Cornish—making a significant contribution to the study of the late evolution of Cornish, since the language can be dated to around 1576, halfway between that of John Tregear and William Jordan, author of the Creation of the World.

    his first ever critical edition of a pivotal Cornish-language text opens to the Tudor historian—and the general reader—a previously closed window (due to its language) on a crucial example of the reception of Foxe, and gives fascinating insights into a possible alliance between Church Papism and recusancy in Tudor Cornwall.


     

    Acknowledgements

    Abbreviations

     

    INTRODUCTION

     

    1 THE TREGEAR MANUSCRIPT

    • Introduction to the Tregear Manuscript as a whole
    • The palaeography and scribes of the manuscript

    1.3 The purpose of Bonner’s homilies

    1.4 The printing of Bonner used by Tregear

    1.5 The Tregear Manuscript: increasingly significant for Cornish studies

     

    2 SACRAMENT AN ALTER (SA)

    2.1 The specific nature of SA

    2.2 The scope of this critical edition of SA

    2.3 The authorship, form, date and language of SA

    2.4 The source of SA—Foxe’s account of the 1554 Oxford Disputations

    2.5 The context of the Disputations

    2.6 The specific edition of Foxe used and date of SA

    2.7 How did the author compile and translate SA?

    2.8 Tregear and Stephyn in the wider orbit of Glasney

     

    3 JOHN TREGEAR—TRANSLATOR OF BONNER

    3.1 John Tregear, vicar of Allen, 1544–1583

    3.2 Tregear and Lawrence Godfrey

    3.3 Tregear and John Tristeane—clues to place of birth and ordination

    3.4 Tregear’s ‘church papism’

     

    4 THOMAS STEPHYN—COMPILER OF SACRAMENT AN ALTER

    4.1 Thomas Stephyn, vicar of Newlyn East in 1557

    4.2 Thomas Stephyn, curate of Newlyn East in 1536

    4.3 The possible involvement of Stephyn in an illicit pilgrimage

    4.4 Distinguishing Stephyn from Cornwall, Stevyns from Devon

    4.5 Thomas Stephyn’s ‘recusancy’

    4.6 Other Thomas Stephyns, elsewhere in the country

     

    5 RALPH TRELOBYS—THE LINK WITH GLASNEY COLLEGE

    5.1 Ralph Trelobys, vicar of Crowan 1512–1557 and Newlyn 1518–1557

    5.2 Trelobys and Glasney College

    5.3 Trelobys and ‘Rad Ton’

     

    6 JOHN FOXE

    6.1 Foxe’s use of his sources

    6.2 The reception of Foxe and his vision of history

    6.3 Foxe and Stephyn in the light of current historiography

     

    7 CONCLUSIONS

    7.1 The end of the Marian years

    7.2 Tregear, Stephyn and the journey of the manuscript

     

    EDITION [SA 59r–66v]

    Editorial Method

    Edition

     

    COMMENTARY

    Hermeneutical Method

    Quotations 1–71

     

    NOTES

    General Notes

    Textual Notes and Apparatus

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

     

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Primary Sources:    

      Manuscripts

      Early Printed Books

    Printed and Online Source Editions and Records

      Cornish Language Texts    

      Other Primary Sources and Records

    Secondary Sources:

      Published Works

      Privately Circulated/Unpublished Works

     
    Glossary

    Index

    Daveth H. Frost is the Principal of Holy Cross College and University Centre, Bury, Lancashire.

    He is the author of ‘Sacrament an Alter: A Tudor Cornish Patristic Catena’ in Cornish Studies: Eleven (2003) and ‘Glasney’s Parish Clergy and the Tregear Manuscript’ in Cornish Studies: Fifteen (2008), both edited by Philip Payton. Daveth has also contributed patristic references and commentary as part of the online Variorum Edition of John Foxe’s Book of Martyrs. He was a part of the advisory committee assisting in the restoration of Llandeilo Talybont at the St Fagan’s National History Museum in Wales and contributed to Saving St Teilo’s: Bringing a Medieval Church to Life edited by Gerallt D. Nash (National Museum of Wales Books 2009).

    With special interests in the pre‑Reformation Church in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany, he is currently jointly editing, with Benjamin Bruch, the 16th century Cornish translation of Bishop Bonner’s Homilies which was made by the priest John Tregear, alongside associated material by his fellow priest, Thomas Stephen.

    ISBN
      • 336 Pages